In 2012, the AAGL issued Guidelines for Intraoperative Cystoscopy in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2012 Jul-Aug;19:407-11.). In this AAGL report, a meta-analysis noted 27 published trials comprising 3,643 cases. Laparoscopic hysterectomy was associated with an increased risk of urinary tract injury when compared with abdominal hysterectomy (odds ratio, 2.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-5.60), according to the meta-analysis (BMJ. 2005 Jun 25;330:1478.).
As a result of this meta-analysis, as well as multiple other studies, the AAGL Guidelines Committee noted that “current evidence supports the conclusion that cystoscopic evaluation of the lower urinary tract should be readily available to gynecologic surgeons performing laparoscopic hysterectomy.” The resultant guidelines recommend that “a surgeon with appropriate education, training, and institutional privileges be available without delay to perform the task (cystoscopy).”